Aggressive Voltage and Temperature Control for Power Saving in Mobile Application Processors

Jinsoo Park, Hojung Cha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


DVFS is a widely used methodology for reducing the power consumption of mobile devices. This scheme involves frequency scaling in accordance with a specific governor and the establishment of an operating voltage to be paired with frequency. Incorporated into the settings for operating voltage is a guardband that ensures safe processor operation even at the worst conditions of on-chip temperature. Typically, the processor temperature remains at a normal range (i.e., not the worst), hence the voltage guardband set to guarantee safe operation is overly protected. In this paper, we propose a temperature-aware DVS (T-DVS) that aggressively reduces voltage guardband. We explore the opportunity to provide minimum operating voltages for frequencies at different temperatures and realize a dynamic voltage control scheme that reduces power consumption. The T-DVS manages temperature so that it remains in the 'green zone' where maximum voltage gain is enabled for power-efficient operation. We validate the effectiveness of the T-DVS under various thermal conditions by using mobile application processors and different operating scenarios. Experimental results show that the T-DVS leads to power gain without degrading performance regardless of thermal conditions and chip characteristics. By examining the real-world applications of and off-the-shelf smartphone, we show that the voltage gains generated by the T-DVS results in battery lifetime increment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1233-1246
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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