The skin barrier is mainly present in the stratum corneum (SC), composed of corneocytes surrounded by intercellular lipid lamellae, and attached by corneodesmosome. The tight junction attached to the lateral walls of keratinocytes in the upper part of the stratum granulosum is also included in the skin barrier. During aging, the following structures and functions of the skin barrier are changed or disturbed: (1) skin barrier structure, (2) permeability barrier function, (3) epidermal calcium gradient, (4) epidermal lipid synthesis and SC lipid processing, (5) cytokine production and response after insults, (6) SC acidity, (7) SC hydration, and (8) antimicrobial barrier. Patients with diabetes also show changes in the skin barrier similar to those in aged skin, and the characteristics of the skin barrier are very similar. Understanding the pathogenic mechanisms of the skin barrier in aging will permit us to develop therapeutic strategies for aged or diabetic skin.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Clinics in Dermatology|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Jul 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes