Himawari-8, a next-generation geostationary meteorological satellite, was successfully launched by the Japanese Meteorological Agency (JMA) on 7 October 2014 and has been in official operation since 7 July 2015. The Advanced Himawari Imager (AHI) onboard Himawari-8 has 16 channels from 0.47 to 13.3 μm and performs full-disk observations every 10 min. This study describes AHI aerosol optical property (AOP) retrieval based on a multi-channel algorithm using three visible and one near-infrared channels (470, 510, 640, and 860 nm). AOPs were retrieved by obtaining the visible surface reflectance using shortwave infrared (SWIR) data along with normalized difference vegetation index shortwave infrared (NDVISWIR) categories and the minimum reflectance method (MRM). Estimated surface reflectance from SWIR (ESR) tends to be overestimated in urban and cropland areas. Thus, the visible surface reflectance was improved by considering urbanization effects. Ocean surface reflectance is obtained using MRM, while it is from the Cox and Munk method in ESR with the consideration of chlorophyll-a concentration. Based on validation with ground-based sun-photometer measurements from Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) data, the error pattern tends to the opposition between MRMver (using MRM reflectance) AOD and ESRver (Using ESR reflectance) AOD over land. To estimate optimal AOD products, two methods were used to merge the data. The final aerosol products and the two surface reflectances were merged, which resulted in higher accuracy AOD values than those retrieved by either individual method. All four AODs shown in this study show accurate diurnal variation compared with AERONET, but the optimum AOD changes depending on observation time.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments: This work was funded by the Korean Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under Grant KMIPA2015-5010. This research was also supported by the National Strategic Project-Fine Particle of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT), the Ministry of Environment (ME), and the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) (NRF-2017M3D8A1092021).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)