Air pollution and unintentional injury deaths in South Korea

Kyoung Hwa Ha, Jaelim Cho, Seong Kyung Cho, Changsoo Kim, Dong Chun Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to assess the association between exposure to air pollution and unintentional injury deaths in South Korea. Data regarding all unintentional injury deaths (17,566) in seven metropolitan cities from 2002 to 2008 were collected. Using a time-stratified case-crossover study, conditional logistic regression and subgroup analyses were performed after stratification by age, gender, and season. To evaluate immediate and delayed effects of air pollutants, we used both single lag and distributed lag models. The risk was expressed as an odds ratio (OR) per one interquartile range (IQR) of each air pollutant. During the study period, the median (IQR) levels of air pollutants were 0.005 (0.004–0.007) ppm for sulfur dioxide (SO2), 0.02 (0.02–0.03) ppm for nitrogen dioxide (NO2), 0.03 (0.02–0.04) ppm for ozone (O3), 48.3 (34.9–67.0) μg/m3 for particulate matter ≤10 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM10), and 0.36 (0.1–0.6) ppm for carbon monoxide (CO). All air pollutants, with the exception of PM10 and O3, were significantly associated with an increased risk of unintentional injury deaths; the maximum risk was observed in the distributed lag 1 model for SO2 (OR, 1.119; 95 % confidence interval, 1.022–1.226), NO2 (1.208; 1.043–1.400), and CO (1.012; 1.000–1.024). After stratification of the subjects by age, SO2, NO2, and CO were significantly associated with increased risk of unintentional injury deaths among subjects aged 60 years or older in the distributed lag 1 model, while O3 and PM10 were associated with increased risk among subjects aged 40 to 59 years. However, in subjects younger than 40 years of age, we found no significant associations for any of the air pollutants. Our study suggested evidence for a short-term association between air pollutants and unintentional injury deaths, even at low pollutants levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7873-7881
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume22
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 16

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Air Pollutants
Republic of Korea
Air Pollution
Air pollution
atmospheric pollution
Wounds and Injuries
Carbon Monoxide
Air
carbon monoxide
Carbon monoxide
stratification
Odds Ratio
Nitrogen Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Particulate Matter
Ozone
Sulfur dioxide
nitrogen dioxide
sulfur dioxide
Cross-Over Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Ha, Kyoung Hwa ; Cho, Jaelim ; Cho, Seong Kyung ; Kim, Changsoo ; Shin, Dong Chun. / Air pollution and unintentional injury deaths in South Korea. In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2015 ; Vol. 22, No. 10. pp. 7873-7881.
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Air pollution and unintentional injury deaths in South Korea. / Ha, Kyoung Hwa; Cho, Jaelim; Cho, Seong Kyung; Kim, Changsoo; Shin, Dong Chun.

In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 22, No. 10, 16.05.2015, p. 7873-7881.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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