Aldose reductase inhibitor ameliorates renal vascular endothelial growth factor expression in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Joong Kyung Sung, Jang Hyun Koh, Mi Young Lee, Bo Hwan Kim, Soo Min Nam, Jae Hyun Kim, Jin Hee Yoo, So Hee Kim, Sun Won Hong, Eun Young Lee, Ran Choi, Choon Hee Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression of podocyte is one of the well-known major factors in development of diabetic nephropathy. In this study, we investigated the effects of aldose reductase inhibitor, fidarestat on diabetic nephropathy, and renal VEGF expression in a type 1 diabetic rat model. Materials and Methods: Twenty four Sprague-Dawley male rats which were performed intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and normal six rats were divided into four groups including a normal control group, untreated diabetic control group, aldose reductase (AR) inhibitor (fidarestat, 16 mg ̇ kg-1 ̇ day-1) treated diabetic group, and angiotensin receptor blocker (losartan, 20 mg ̇ kg-1 ̇ day-1) treated diabetic group. We checked body weights and blood glucose levels monthly and measured urine albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) at 8 and 32 weeks. We extracted the kidney to examine the renal morphology and VEGF expressions. Results: The ACR decreased in fidarestat and losartan treated diabetic rat groups than in untreated diabetic group (24.79 ± 11.12, 16.11 ± 9.95, and 84.85 ± 91.19, p < 0.05). The renal VEGF messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression were significantly decreased in the fidarestat and losartan treated diabetic rat groups than in the diabetic control group. Conclusion: We suggested that aldose reductase inhibitor may have preventive effect on diabetic nephropathy by reducing renal VEGF overexpression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-391
Number of pages7
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 May 1

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Sung, J. K., Koh, J. H., Lee, M. Y., Kim, B. H., Nam, S. M., Kim, J. H., Yoo, J. H., Kim, S. H., Hong, S. W., Lee, E. Y., Choi, R., & Chung, C. H. (2010). Aldose reductase inhibitor ameliorates renal vascular endothelial growth factor expression in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Yonsei medical journal, 51(3), 385-391. https://doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2010.51.3.385