Stereoscopic cloud-top height (CTH) retrieval from two geostationary (GEO) satellites is usually realized through a visible (VIS) band with a high horizontal resolution. A stereoscopic-based CTH retrieval algorithm (prototype dual-GEO CTH algorithm) proposed in our previous study also adopts this approach. Although this approach can retrieve accurate stereoscopic CTHs, the heights of optically thin upper clouds overlying the lower clouds are challenging to retrieve because the parallax difference between two GEOs is determined by the lower clouds owing to the low reflectance from the upper clouds. To address this problem, this paper proposes an improved stereoscopic CTH retrieval algorithm, named the improved dual-GEO CTH algorithm, for Himawari-8 and FengYun (FY)-4A GEOs. The proposed algorithm employs an infrared (IR) band in addition to a VIS band. A seamless image cloning technique is adopted to blend the VIS and IR images, which are then used to retrieve the stereoscopic CTHs. The retrieved CTHs are compared with the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) and Cloud Profiling Radar (CPR) CTHs for three occasions involving upper clouds overlying lower clouds. Results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the prototype dual-GEO CTH algorithm in the case of upper clouds overlying lower clouds. Notably, although the proposed algorithm is intended for Himawari-8 and FY-4A GEOs, it can be easily extended to any combination of two GEOs.
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Dec 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) through a grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (no. 2020R1A4A1016537).
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)