All inkjet-printed electronics based on electrochemically exfoliated two-dimensional metal, semiconductor, and dielectric

Okin Song, Dongjoon Rhee, Jihyun Kim, Youngseo Jeon, Vlastimil Mazánek, Aljoscha Söll, Yonghyun Albert Kwon, Jeong Ho Cho, Yong Hoon Kim, Zdeněk Sofer, Joohoon Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Inkjet printing is a cost-effective and scalable way to assemble colloidal materials into desired patterns in a vacuum- and lithography-free manner. Two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets are a promising material category for printed electronics because of their compatibility with solution processing for stable ink formulations as well as a wide range of electronic types from metal, semiconductor to insulator. Furthermore, their dangling bond-free surface enables atomically thin, electronically-active thin films with van der Waals contacts which significantly reduce the junction resistance. Here, we demonstrate all inkjet-printed thin-film transistors consisting of electrochemically exfoliated graphene, MoS2, and HfO2 as metallic electrodes, a semiconducting channel, and a high-k dielectric layer, respectively. In particular, the HfO2 dielectric layer is prepared via two-step; electrochemical exfoliation of semiconducting HfS2 followed by a thermal oxidation process to overcome the incompatibility of electrochemical exfoliation with insulating crystals. Consequently, all inkjet-printed 2D nanosheets with various electronic types enable high-performance, thin-film transistors which demonstrate field-effect mobilities and current on/off ratios of ~10 cm2 V−1 s−1 and >105, respectively, at low operating voltage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number64
Journalnpj 2D Materials and Applications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIT) (2020R1C1C1009381, 2021K2A9A2A06044132, and 2020R1A4A2002806), and the Korea Basic Science Institute (KBSI) National Research Facilities and Equipment Center (NFEC) grant funded by the Korean Government (Ministry of Education) (2019R1A6C1010031). Z.S. was supported by project LTAUSA19034 from the Ministry of Education Youth and Sports (MEYS). A.S. received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under a grant agreement (No. 956813).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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