The ongoing surge in demand for high-energy/flexible rechargeable batteries relentlessly drives technological innovations in cell architecture as well as electrochemically active materials. Here, a new class of all-nanomat lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) based on 1D building element-interweaved heteronanomat skeletons is demonstrated. Among various electrode materials, silicon (Si, for anode) and overlithiated layered oxide (OLO, for cathode) materials are chosen as model systems to explore feasibility of this new cell architecture and achieve unprecedented cell capacity. Nanomat electrodes, which are completely different from conventional slurry-cast electrodes, are fabricated through concurrent electrospinning (for polymeric nanofibers) and electrospraying (for electrode materials/carbon nanotubes (CNTs)). Si (or rambutan-shaped OLO/CNT composite) powders are compactly embedded in the spatially interweaved polymeric nanofiber/CNT heteromat skeletons that play a crucial role in constructing 3D-bicontinuous ion/electron transport pathways and allow for removal of metallic foil current collectors. The nanomat Si anodes and nanomat OLO cathodes are assembled with nanomat Al2O3 separators, leading to the fabrication of all-nanomat LIB full cells. Driven by the aforementioned structural/chemical uniqueness, the all-nanomat full cell shows exceptional improvement in electrochemical performance (notably, cell-based gravimetric energy density = 479 W h kgCell−1) and also mechanical deformability, which lie far beyond those achievable with conventional LIB technologies.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
J.-M.K. and J.A.K. contributed equally to this work. This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program (2015R1A2A1A01003474) and the Wearable Platform Materials Technology Center (2016R1A5A1009926) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and future Planning. This work was also supported by the Batteries R&D of LG Chem., the Korea Forest Research Institute (Grant No. FP 0400-2016-01), and the Development Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) (Grant No. B7-2421-04).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)