All-optical AND and NAND gates have been demonstrated in a Ti-diffused periodically poled LiNbO3 channel waveguide which has two second-harmonic phase-matching peaks by cascaded sum-frequency-generation/ difference-frequency-generation (cSFG/DFG) and sum-frequency-generation (SFG) processes. The conversion efficiency of signal to idler (AND gate signal) was approximately 0 dB in cSFG/DFG process. In the second SFG process, more than 15 dB extinction ratio between signal and dropped signal (NAND gate signal) has been observed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics