All-Solution-Processed Thermally and Chemically Stable Copper-Nickel Core-Shell Nanowire-Based Composite Window Electrodes for Perovskite Solar Cells

Kyungmi Kim, Hyeok Chan Kwon, Sunihl Ma, Eunsong Lee, Seong Cheol Yun, Gyumin Jang, Hyunha Yang, Joo Ho Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have recently attracted tremendous attention because of their excellent efficiency and the advantage of a low-cost fabrication process. As a transparent electrode for PSCs, the application of copper nanowire (CuNW)-network was limited because of its thermal/chemical instability, despite its advantages in terms of high optical/electrical properties and low-cost production. Here, the copper-nickel core-shell nanowire (Cu@Ni NW)-based composite electrode is proposed as a bottom window electrode for PSCs, without the involvement of a high-cost precious metal and vacuum process. The dense and uniform Ni protective shell for CuNWs is attainable by simple electroless plating, and the resulting Cu@Ni NWs exhibit outstanding chemical stability as well as thermal stability compared with bare CuNWs. When the Ni layer with the optimal thickness is introduced, the Cu@Ni NW electrode shows a high transmittance of 80.5% AVT at 400-800 nm, and a sheet resistance of 49.3 ± 5 ω sq-1. Using the highly stable Cu@Ni NWs, the composite electrode structure is fabricated with sol-gel-derived Al-doped zinc oxide (AZO) over-layer for better charge collection and additional protection against iodine ions from the perovskite. The PSCs fabricated with AZO/Cu@Ni NW-based composite electrode demonstrate a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 12.2% and excellent long-term stability maintaining 91% of initial PCE after being stored for 500 h at room temperature. Experimental results demonstrate the potential of highly stable Cu@Ni NW-based electrodes as the cost-effective alternative transparent electrode, which can facilitate the commercialization of PSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30337-30347
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume10
Issue number36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep 12

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Nickel
Nanowires
Copper
Electrodes
Composite materials
Zinc Oxide
Zinc oxide
Conversion efficiency
Costs
Perovskite solar cells
Electroless plating
Sheet resistance
Chemical stability
Precious metals
Iodine
Perovskite
Sol-gels
Electric properties
Thermodynamic stability
Vacuum

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Kim, Kyungmi ; Kwon, Hyeok Chan ; Ma, Sunihl ; Lee, Eunsong ; Yun, Seong Cheol ; Jang, Gyumin ; Yang, Hyunha ; Moon, Joo Ho. / All-Solution-Processed Thermally and Chemically Stable Copper-Nickel Core-Shell Nanowire-Based Composite Window Electrodes for Perovskite Solar Cells. In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 2018 ; Vol. 10, No. 36. pp. 30337-30347.
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abstract = "Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have recently attracted tremendous attention because of their excellent efficiency and the advantage of a low-cost fabrication process. As a transparent electrode for PSCs, the application of copper nanowire (CuNW)-network was limited because of its thermal/chemical instability, despite its advantages in terms of high optical/electrical properties and low-cost production. Here, the copper-nickel core-shell nanowire (Cu@Ni NW)-based composite electrode is proposed as a bottom window electrode for PSCs, without the involvement of a high-cost precious metal and vacuum process. The dense and uniform Ni protective shell for CuNWs is attainable by simple electroless plating, and the resulting Cu@Ni NWs exhibit outstanding chemical stability as well as thermal stability compared with bare CuNWs. When the Ni layer with the optimal thickness is introduced, the Cu@Ni NW electrode shows a high transmittance of 80.5{\%} AVT at 400-800 nm, and a sheet resistance of 49.3 ± 5 ω sq-1. Using the highly stable Cu@Ni NWs, the composite electrode structure is fabricated with sol-gel-derived Al-doped zinc oxide (AZO) over-layer for better charge collection and additional protection against iodine ions from the perovskite. The PSCs fabricated with AZO/Cu@Ni NW-based composite electrode demonstrate a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 12.2{\%} and excellent long-term stability maintaining 91{\%} of initial PCE after being stored for 500 h at room temperature. Experimental results demonstrate the potential of highly stable Cu@Ni NW-based electrodes as the cost-effective alternative transparent electrode, which can facilitate the commercialization of PSCs.",
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All-Solution-Processed Thermally and Chemically Stable Copper-Nickel Core-Shell Nanowire-Based Composite Window Electrodes for Perovskite Solar Cells. / Kim, Kyungmi; Kwon, Hyeok Chan; Ma, Sunihl; Lee, Eunsong; Yun, Seong Cheol; Jang, Gyumin; Yang, Hyunha; Moon, Joo Ho.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 10, No. 36, 12.09.2018, p. 30337-30347.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kim, Kyungmi

AU - Kwon, Hyeok Chan

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AU - Lee, Eunsong

AU - Yun, Seong Cheol

AU - Jang, Gyumin

AU - Yang, Hyunha

AU - Moon, Joo Ho

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