Allergenic characterization of a novel allergen, homologous to chymotrypsin, from German cockroach

Kyoung Yong Jeong, Mina Son, Jae Hyun Lee, Chein Soo Hong, Jung Won Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Cockroach feces are known to be rich in IgE-reactive components. Various protease allergens were identified by proteomic analysis of German cockroach fecal extract in a previous study. In this study, we characterized a novel allergen, a chymotrypsin-like serine protease. Methods: A cDNA sequence homologous to chymotrypsin was obtained by analysis of German cockroach expressed sequence tag (EST) clones. The recombinant chymotrypsins from the German cockroach and house dust mite (Der f 6) were expressed in Escherichia coli using the pEXP5NT/TOPO vector system, and their allergenicity was investigated by ELISA. Results: The deduced amino acid sequence of German cockroach chymotrypsin showed 32.7 to 43.1% identity with mite group 3 (trypsin) and group 6 (chymotrypsin) allergens. Sera from 8 of 28 German cockroach allergy subjects (28.6%) showed IgE binding to the recombinant protein. IgE binding to the recombinant cockroach chymotrypsin was inhibited by house dust mite chymotrypsin Der f 6, while it minimally inhibited the German cockroach whole body extract. Conclusions: A novel allergen homologous to chymotrypsin was identified from the German cockroach and was cross-reactive with Der f 6.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-289
Number of pages7
JournalAllergy, Asthma and Immunology Research
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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