The ability to repair DNA double-strand breaks is essential to maintain chromosomal stability. Virtually all soft tissue sarcomas contain chromosomal instabilities, including clonal aberrations and cytogenetic aberrations. However, the relevance of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) in the pathogenesis of soft tissue sarcoma has not been clarified. The main aim of this work is to compare the prognostic impact of genotypic imbalance in lowgrade soft tissue sarcomas of the extremities, and to correlate this with the translational level of DNA-PK. This study investigated 28 adult low-grade malignant spindle cell tumours of the extremities, predominantly fibrosarcomas, for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and microsatellite mutation on flanking regions of each DNA-PK subunit, with identical immunophenotypes. Twelve different polymorphic markers flanking the specific loci of three subunits comprise the genetic map of DNA-PK, at 22q13, 2q35, and 8q11. Translational activity was also analysed by western blot and conventional immunohistochemistry. The overall sarcoma 5-year survival rate was 61.7%. LOH was identified in the specific coding region of DNA-PK in 39.29% for the DNA-PK catalytic subunit (cs), 17.86% for Ku70, and only 7.14% for Ku80. A positive LOH for DNA-PKcs was shown to be a significant factor for poor survival (log rank test p = 0.0160). Immunoreactivity and immunoblot results correlated with the loss of DNA-PKcs allotype in soft tissue sarcoma (Fisher's exact test p = 0.0037). Ku70 and DNA-PKcs were almost identical in terms of immunoreactivity. In conclusion, whereas microsatellite mutation seems an uncommon event during the evolution of low-grade fibrosarcoma of the extremities in adults, the loss of DNA-PKcs defines a biologically more aggressive subset.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine