We analyzed hTERT splicing patterns with respect to telomerase activity in breast cancer. Using a cDNA microarray in 22 cell lines, we observed the difference in expression profiling based on the different levels of full-length variant expression with 71 selected genes. Using 33 known genes that act with the telomerase complex, we performed unsupervised clustering with all cell lines, and found a clustering tendency related to the full-length variant expression level. Using array-based CGH, highly altered genomic copy number changes were found more often in MCF-7 (159 genes) than in MDA-MB-231 (109 genes) and MDA-MB-435 (49 genes), suggesting more genomic changes in MCF-7 cells. On comparing MCF-7 with MDA-MB231 and MDA-MB-435 cell lines, we identified 8 genes with different copy numbers, including dystroglycan, which is located in the p12-21.2 area of chromosome 3. In conclusion, alterations in the level of the full-length variant of hTERT showed different gene expression profiles and genomic copy number changes in breast cancer, which require further study into their cause-and-effect relationship.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research