Control of the carrier type in two dimensional (2D) materials is a serious issue for the realization of logic devices. The carrier type control of 2D semiconducting materials such as MoTe2, WSe2 and black phosphorus have been studied for this purpose. However, the systematic study on the polarity control of transistors based on ReSe2, a new member of 2D materials, has remained unexplored despite the intriguing anisotropic optical and electrical properties deriving from the exotic crystal structure. Here, we report the electrical characterization of field effect transistors (FETs) of single crystalline ReSe2 grown by a chemical vapor deposition. In contrast to a previous report of unipolar p-type exfoliated crystals, synthesized ReSe2 FETs on SiO2 with Au contact exhibit highly symmetric ambipolar behaviors with the current on/off ratios of ∼104 for both of hole and electron injection. The carrier type could be controlled via the metal contact. With Al contacts, ReSe2 FETs display perfect transition to pure n-type unipolar behavior. It is found that carrier type of ReSe2 via thickness variation was hardly modulated because the ReSe2 bandgap has little dependence on its thickness. We successfully achieved the fabrication of a logic inverter by using only ambipolar ReSe2 FETs on SiO2/Si without electrostatic doping or chemical treatments. These results demonstrate that ReSe2 is a promising candidate for future low power logic devices and functional nano electronic applications.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by an Institute for Information and Communications Technology Promotion (IITP) grant (B0117-16-1003, Fundamental technologies of 2D materials and devices for the platform of new-functional smart devices), the Basic Science Research Program (2016R1A2B4012931) and the Global Frontier Research Center for Advanced Soft Electronics (2011-0031630) through a National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korean government Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering