Aminated nanomicelles as a designer vaccine adjuvant to trigger inflammasomes and multiple arms of the innate immune response in lymph nodes

Chanyoung Song, Hathaichanok Phuengkham, Sun Young Kim, Min Sang Lee, Ji Hoon Jeong, Sung Jae Shin, Yong Taik Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we suggest a designer vaccine adjuvant that can mimic the drainage of pathogens into lymph nodes and activate innate immune response in lymph nodes. By the amination of multivalent carboxyl groups in poly-(γ-glutamic acid) (γ-PGA) nanomicelles, the size was reduced for rapid entry into lymphatic vessels, and the immunologically inert nanomicelles were turned into potential activators of inflammasomes. Aminated γ-PGA nanomicelles (aPNMs) induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation and the subsequent release of proinflammatory IL-1β. The NLRP3-dependent inflammasome induction mechanism was confirmed through enzyme (cathepsin B and caspase-1) inhibitors and NLRP3 knockout mice model. After the aPNMs were combined with a clinically evaluated TLR3 agonist, polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid sodium salt (aPNM-IC), they triggered multiple arms of the innate immune response, including the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines by both inflammasomes and an inflammasome-independent pathway and the included type I interferons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7501-7517
Number of pages17
JournalInternational journal of nanomedicine
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 12


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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