Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase-interacting multi-functional protein 1/p43: An emerging therapeutic protein working at systems level

Sang Won Lee, Gyuyoup Kim, Sunghoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Drug discovery programs are based on the presumption of one drug-one action-one disease, which is frustrated by the complexity of biological systems. Because the aberration of a single gene often leads to multiple pathological symptoms, we should understand the functional network of the disease-related proteins to develop effective therapy. Objectives: To describe how activities of proteins are reflected in phenotypes and their pathological implications using aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase-interacting multi-functional protein 1 (AIMP1). Methods: The physiological activities of AIMP1 are unveiled through in vitro approaches and in vivo phenotyptic investigation. Bioinformatics tool was used to combine all AIMP1-target proteins. Conclusion: Although a cytosolic protein, AIMP1 can be secreted as a cytokine to control immune response, angiogenesis and wound healing, and as a glucagon-like hormone for glucose homeostasis. It is involved in the regulation of autoimmune control and TGF-β signaling within the cells. AIMP1-deficient mice developed multiple phenotypes in immune systems, metabolism and body growth. The therapeutic potential of this multi-functional protein with associated biological activities are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-957
Number of pages13
JournalExpert Opinion on Drug Discovery
Volume3
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Drug Discovery

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