Various forms of adaptive evolution occur in clinical isolates in response to the presence of antimicrobial drugs. Among a total of 171 CTX-M-9 group/family extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli blood isolates recovered between 2016 and 2017 in six general hospitals, 50.3% of the isolates possessed the blaCTX-M-14-like gene in their chromosome rather than in a plasmid. Focusing on this unprecedented way of the blaCTX-M ESBL gene possession, molecular epidemiology of the isolates was assessed and the chromosomal location of the acquired cephalosporinase gene was dissected in an evolutionary point of view. Taking advantage of a complete collection of E. coli blood isolates from a limited period, clonal relatedness of the E. coli isolates carrying the blaCTX-M-14-like gene was clarified and the dominant clone, ST131 H30R, was identified. To control the level of resistance and the resistance spectrum to oxyimino-cephalosporin drugs, transcription level of the blaCTX-M-14-like gene was tuned finely through positioning the gene near the chromosomal initiation dnaA gene and amplifying numbers of the gene in a chromosome using either the copy-and-paste or the tandem amplification methods. Inconspicuous fitness cost by chromosomal location of the gene and free adjustment of the oxyimino-cephalosporin resistance would urge the dominancy of E. coli clinical isolates harboring the blaCTX-M ESBL gene in their chromosome. IMPORTANCE Increasing prevalence of E. coli producing CTX-M ESBL is a major concern in clinical settings because it significantly limits treatment options. Thus, it is important to keep watching current molecular mechanisms of resistance and the scheme for dissemination. Recently, chromosomal locations of the blaCTX-M genes are often documented in clinical settings and the bacterial strategies were needed to be dissected in an evolutionary point of view. Both main mechanisms of fine tuning the chromosomal gene expression, bacterial gene amplification either by copy- and-paste or by tandem amplification and positioning the gene near the chromosomal initiation dnaA gene, were demonstrated in the study, and the fitness cost by the chromosomal location was evaluated.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Jun|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by funds (2019ER540401) from Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency.
Copyright © 2022 Yoon et al.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Microbiology (medical)
- Cell Biology
- Infectious Diseases