An alterative effect by the tropical North Atlantic SST in intraseasonally varying El Niño teleconnection over the North Atlantic

Mi Kyung Sung, Yoo Geun Ham, Jong Seong Kug, Soon Il An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is known that there is a distinct intraseasonal variation in wintertime atmospheric responses to El Niño over the North Atlantic, namely a positive North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)-like response during early winter (November to December) and a negative NAO-like response during late winter (January to March). In this article, we suggest that the tropical North Atlantic (TNAL) sea surface temperatures (SSTs) significantly alter the North Atlantic atmospheric response to El Niño: the warm TNAL SST condition intensifies the negative NAO-like response and vice versa. During late El Niño winters, the TNAL SST tends to increase due to the atmospheric bridge between the tropical Pacific and the Atlantic oceans. The warm tendency in the TNAL SST can intensify the height contrast in the El Niño teleconnection between early and late winter. During early winter (when the response of the TNAL SST to El Niño has not been established yet), atmospheric circulation over the North Atlantic varies widely under various TNAL conditions. Consequently, the average influence of El Niño over the North Atlantic region becomes weaker in the early winter. By contrast, the overall warming over the TNAL region during the late El Niño winter is conducive to the formation of a negative NAO pattern. As a result, the climatic impact becomes stronger during the late winter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalTellus, Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography
Volume65
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

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teleconnection
sea surface temperature
winter
North Atlantic Oscillation
effect
atmospheric circulation
warming
ocean

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

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title = "An alterative effect by the tropical North Atlantic SST in intraseasonally varying El Ni{\~n}o teleconnection over the North Atlantic",
abstract = "It is known that there is a distinct intraseasonal variation in wintertime atmospheric responses to El Ni{\~n}o over the North Atlantic, namely a positive North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)-like response during early winter (November to December) and a negative NAO-like response during late winter (January to March). In this article, we suggest that the tropical North Atlantic (TNAL) sea surface temperatures (SSTs) significantly alter the North Atlantic atmospheric response to El Ni{\~n}o: the warm TNAL SST condition intensifies the negative NAO-like response and vice versa. During late El Ni{\~n}o winters, the TNAL SST tends to increase due to the atmospheric bridge between the tropical Pacific and the Atlantic oceans. The warm tendency in the TNAL SST can intensify the height contrast in the El Ni{\~n}o teleconnection between early and late winter. During early winter (when the response of the TNAL SST to El Ni{\~n}o has not been established yet), atmospheric circulation over the North Atlantic varies widely under various TNAL conditions. Consequently, the average influence of El Ni{\~n}o over the North Atlantic region becomes weaker in the early winter. By contrast, the overall warming over the TNAL region during the late El Ni{\~n}o winter is conducive to the formation of a negative NAO pattern. As a result, the climatic impact becomes stronger during the late winter.",
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An alterative effect by the tropical North Atlantic SST in intraseasonally varying El Niño teleconnection over the North Atlantic. / Sung, Mi Kyung; Ham, Yoo Geun; Kug, Jong Seong; An, Soon Il.

In: Tellus, Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, Vol. 65, 01.01.2013, p. 1-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - An, Soon Il

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AB - It is known that there is a distinct intraseasonal variation in wintertime atmospheric responses to El Niño over the North Atlantic, namely a positive North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)-like response during early winter (November to December) and a negative NAO-like response during late winter (January to March). In this article, we suggest that the tropical North Atlantic (TNAL) sea surface temperatures (SSTs) significantly alter the North Atlantic atmospheric response to El Niño: the warm TNAL SST condition intensifies the negative NAO-like response and vice versa. During late El Niño winters, the TNAL SST tends to increase due to the atmospheric bridge between the tropical Pacific and the Atlantic oceans. The warm tendency in the TNAL SST can intensify the height contrast in the El Niño teleconnection between early and late winter. During early winter (when the response of the TNAL SST to El Niño has not been established yet), atmospheric circulation over the North Atlantic varies widely under various TNAL conditions. Consequently, the average influence of El Niño over the North Atlantic region becomes weaker in the early winter. By contrast, the overall warming over the TNAL region during the late El Niño winter is conducive to the formation of a negative NAO pattern. As a result, the climatic impact becomes stronger during the late winter.

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