An anatomic study of the quadratus plantae in relation to tendinous slips of the flexor hallucis longus for gait analysis

Mi Sun Hur, Jae Hyoun Kim, Jung Su Woo, Byoung Young Choi, Hee Jin Kim, Kyu Seok Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to demonstrate the morphology of the quadratus plantae (QP) in relation to the tendinous slips of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) and their surrounding structures, thereby providing data to understand function of the QP during gait, and for analyzing the movements of the foot and designing postoperative rehabilitation programs. The QP was investigated in 50 specimens of embalmed adult cadavers. The QP inserted into the tendon of the flexor digitorum longus (FDL) and the tendinous slips of the FHL in 96%, and only to the tendon of the FDL in 4%. The tendinous slip of the FHL targeted the tendon for the second toe in 4 of the 50 specimens (8%). The tendinous slip divided into two separate slips to the tendons for the second and third toes in 32 specimens (64%), and for the second, third, and fourth toes in 14 specimens (28%). Thus, the tendon and tendinous slips of the FHL may distribute the load of the great toe to the second toe to the third or fourth toe in the forefoot, especially during toe-off. In addition, the main attachment of the QP to the tendinous slips of the FHL may provide more efficient control of the long flexor tendons in comparison with that of the QP to the tendon of the FDL. Clin. Anat. 24:768-773, 2011.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)768-773
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Anatomy
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sep 1

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Gait
Tendons
Toes
Hallux
Cadaver
Foot
Rehabilitation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

Cite this

Hur, Mi Sun ; Kim, Jae Hyoun ; Woo, Jung Su ; Choi, Byoung Young ; Kim, Hee Jin ; Lee, Kyu Seok. / An anatomic study of the quadratus plantae in relation to tendinous slips of the flexor hallucis longus for gait analysis. In: Clinical Anatomy. 2011 ; Vol. 24, No. 6. pp. 768-773.
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abstract = "The aim of this study was to demonstrate the morphology of the quadratus plantae (QP) in relation to the tendinous slips of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) and their surrounding structures, thereby providing data to understand function of the QP during gait, and for analyzing the movements of the foot and designing postoperative rehabilitation programs. The QP was investigated in 50 specimens of embalmed adult cadavers. The QP inserted into the tendon of the flexor digitorum longus (FDL) and the tendinous slips of the FHL in 96{\%}, and only to the tendon of the FDL in 4{\%}. The tendinous slip of the FHL targeted the tendon for the second toe in 4 of the 50 specimens (8{\%}). The tendinous slip divided into two separate slips to the tendons for the second and third toes in 32 specimens (64{\%}), and for the second, third, and fourth toes in 14 specimens (28{\%}). Thus, the tendon and tendinous slips of the FHL may distribute the load of the great toe to the second toe to the third or fourth toe in the forefoot, especially during toe-off. In addition, the main attachment of the QP to the tendinous slips of the FHL may provide more efficient control of the long flexor tendons in comparison with that of the QP to the tendon of the FDL. Clin. Anat. 24:768-773, 2011.",
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An anatomic study of the quadratus plantae in relation to tendinous slips of the flexor hallucis longus for gait analysis. / Hur, Mi Sun; Kim, Jae Hyoun; Woo, Jung Su; Choi, Byoung Young; Kim, Hee Jin; Lee, Kyu Seok.

In: Clinical Anatomy, Vol. 24, No. 6, 01.09.2011, p. 768-773.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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