An area-efficient BIRA with 1-D spare segments

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4 Citations (Scopus)


The growing capacity and density of embedded memories increases the probability of defects and affects the yield. To improve the yield, built-in redundancy analysis (BIRA) has been developed to replace faulty cells with healthy redundant cells. BIRA requires a high repair rate and a feasible hardware size for implementation. Although many BIRAs have been proposed, most of them still demonstrate a low repair rate or a large required hardware size. The proposed BIRA employs an intuitive algorithm with a small-area analyzer that uses 1-D spare segments in the 2-D spare structure. Because most faults in the memory are single faults, spare segments can be used to efficiently allocate redundancies. In terms of the yield, 1-D spare segments are effective when used with an intuitive algorithm that can be implemented with a small hardware overhead. Experimental results show that the proposed BIRA has a higher repair rate and relatively low hardware overhead than state-of-the-art BIRAs and has the advantages of 1-D spare segments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-210
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received May 10, 2017; revised July 26, 2017; accepted September 4, 2017. Date of publication September 26, 2017; date of current version December 27, 2017. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korean Government (MEST) under Grant 2015R1A2A1A13001751. (Corresponding author: Sungho Kang.)

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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