With the world's attention focused on climate change, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change provides the basis for global action to encourage sustainable development. A wide variety of measures are being taken in South Korea in line with this trend, but new and renewable energy (NRE) have been highlighted as sustainable energy sources. This study aims to assess the economic and environmental effects of the use of NRE for selecting the optimum NRE system in educational facilities. Towards this end, the following were done: (i) selection of facility and its applicable NRE system type; (ii) calculation of the energy generation by the NRE systems via energy simulation; (iii) life cycle cost analysis for the economic evaluation on the NRE systems; (iv) life cycle assessment for the environmental evaluation on the NRE systems; (v) using the net present value and the savings-to-investment ratio, comprehensive evaluation of the economic and environmental effects on the NRE systems. The results of this study can be used to (i) determine which NRE system is most appropriate for educational facilities; (ii) calculate the payback period for a certain investment; (iii) decide which location is proper for the implementation of an NRE system considering the characteristics of the regional climate; and (iv) select energy- and cost-efficient elementary schools where the NRE system can be applied.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a Grant from High-Tech Urban Development Program ( 10CHUD-C03 ) funded by the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime affairs, South Korea . This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP; Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning) (No. 2012–004376 and No. 2012–0001247 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment