Objective: To determine whether an elevated amniotic fluid concentration of prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) is associated with intra-amniotic inflammation/infection and adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with preterm labor and intact membranes.Materials and methods: The retrospective cohort study included 132 patients who had singleton pregnancies with preterm labor (< 35 weeks of gestation) and intact membranes. Amniotic fluid was cultured for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria as well as for genital mycoplasmas. Intra-amniotic inflammation was defined by an elevated amniotic fluid matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) concentration (>23 ng/mL). PGF2α was measured with a sensitive and specific immunoassay. The amniotic fluid PGF2α concentration was considered elevated when it was above the 95th percentile among pregnant women at 15-36 weeks of gestation who were not in labor (≥170 pg/mL).Results: (1) The prevalence of an elevated amniotic fluid PGF2α concentration was 40.2% (53/132) in patients with preterm labor and intact membranes; (2) patients with an elevated amniotic fluid PGF2α concentration had a significantly higher rate of positive amniotic fluid culture [19% (10/53) versus 5% (4/79); p = 0.019], intra-amniotic inflammation/infection [49% (26/53) versus 20% (16/79); p = 0.001], spontaneous preterm delivery, clinical and histologic chorioamnionitis, and funisitis, as well as a higher median amniotic fluid MMP-8 concentration and amniotic fluid white blood cell count and a shorter amniocentesis-to-delivery interval than those without an elevated concentration of amniotic fluid PGF2α (p < 0.05 for each); and (3) an elevated amniotic fluid PGF2α concentration was associated with a shorter amniocentesis-to-delivery interval after adjustment for the presence of intra-amniotic inflammation/infection [hazard ratio 2.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-3.1; p = 0.001].Conclusion: The concentration of PGF2α was elevated in the amniotic fluid of 40.2% of patients with preterm labor and intact membranes and is an independent risk factor for intra-amniotic inflammation/infection, impending preterm delivery, chorioamnionitis, and funisitis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant of the Korean Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health &Welfare, Republic of Korea (Grant No. HI12C0768). This research was also supported, in part, by the Perinatology Research Branch, Program for Perinatal Research and Obstetrics, Division of Intramural Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, U. S. Department of Health and Human Services (NICHD/NIH/DHHS).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology