In this paper, we propose an energy efficient MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks. In sensor networks, reducing energy consumption is one of the critical issues for extending network lifetime. One good solution to resolve this issue is introducing listen-sleep cycles, allowing sensor nodes to turn their transceiver off during sleep periods, which was adopted by S-MAC . However, in S-MAC, due to the synchronized scheduling, transmission collisions will increase in heavy traffic situations, resulting in energy waste and low throughput. Hence, in this paper, we propose probabilistic scheduled MAC (PS-MAC), in which each node determines 'listen' or 'sleep' pseudo-randomly based on its own prewakeup probability and pre-wakeup probabilities of its neighbor nodes in each time slot. This allows the listen-sleep schedule of nodes in each transmitter and receiver pair to be synchronized, while maintaining those of the rest of nodes to be asynchronous. Therefore, collisions can be reduced even under heavy traffic conditions, resulting in reduced energy waste and high throughput. In addition, by dynamically adjusting the pre-wakeup probabilities of sensor nodes based on the change of the network environment, system throughput and latency can be further improved. Simulation results show that PS-MAC provides significant energy savings, low delay, and high network throughput.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering