This paper proposes a real-time position accuracy improvement method for a low-cost global positioning system (GPS), which uses geographic data for forming a digital road database in the digital map information. We link the vehicle’s location to the position on the digital map using the map-matching algorithm to improve the position accuracy. In the proposed method, we can distinguish the vehicle direction on the road and enhance the horizontal accuracy using the geographic data composed of the vector point set of the digital map. We use the iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm that calculates the rotation matrix and the translation vector to compensate for the disparity between the GPS and the digital map information. We also use the least squares method to correct the error caused by the rotation of the ICP algorithm and link on the digital map to eliminate the residual disparity. Finally, we implement the proposed method in real time with a low-cost embedded system and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method through various experiments.
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© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering