This article proposes an epistemology of concrete others as a foundation for solidarity of others, which is to protect the vulnerable who are exposed to two kinds of violence: one is violence from the absolutization of otherness, transcendence, difference; the other is from the absolutization of solidarity, immanence, or homogeneity. While the absolutization of solidarity justifies oppression of others, the absolutization of difference enervates resistance of those who are oppressed others. In order to resist against oppression and violence, the oppressed people need to have solidarity with others. To work toward solidarity of others, one should sublate both the absolutization of solidarity and the absolutization of otherness, since absolutization of each has justified injustice, indifference, and oppression. Sublation of both the absolutization of solidarity (an epistemology of homogeneity) and the absolutization of otherness (an epistemology of difference) leads to a dialectic epistemology: an epistemology of concrete others. An epistemology of concrete others which is based on the two-nature Christology and confirms the hypostatic union between humanity and divinity, transcendence and immanence, and particularity and universality necessitates and suffices for solidarity of others, with which the vulnerable can resist oppression and indifference caused by absolutization of solidarity and difference, respectively.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Dec 1|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Religious studies