An essential function of tapasin in quality control of HLA-G molecules

Boyoun Park, Kwangseog Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tapasin plays an important role in the quality control of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I assembly, but its precise function in this process remains controversial. Whether tapasin participates in the assembly of HLA-G has not been studied. HLA-G, an MHC class Ib molecule that binds a more restricted set of peptides than class Ia molecules, is a particularly interesting molecule, because during assembly, it recycles between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the cis-Golgi until it is loaded with a high affinity peptide. We have taken advantage of this unusual trafficking property of HLA-G and its requirement for high affinity peptides to demonstrate that a critical function of tapasin is to transform class I molecules into a high affinity, peptide-receptive form. In the absence of tapasin, HLA-G molecules cannot bind high affinity peptides, and an abundant supply of peptides cannot overcome the tapasin requirement for high affinity peptide loading. The addition of tapasin renders HLA-G molecules capable of loading high affinity peptides and of transporting to the surface, suggesting that tapasin is a prerequisite for the binding of high-affinity ligands. Interestingly, the "tapasin-dependent" HLA-G molecules are not empty in the absence of tapasin but are in fact associated with suboptimal peptides and continue to recycle between the ER and the cis-Golgi. Together with the finding that empty HLA-G heterodimers are strictly retained in the ER and degraded, our data suggest that MHC class I molecules bind any available peptides to avoid ER-mediated degradation and that the peptides are in turn replaced by higher affinity peptides with the aid of tapasin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14337-14345
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Apr 18

Fingerprint

HLA-G Antigens
Quality Control
Quality control
Peptides
Molecules
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Major Histocompatibility Complex
tapasin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Tapasin plays an important role in the quality control of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I assembly, but its precise function in this process remains controversial. Whether tapasin participates in the assembly of HLA-G has not been studied. HLA-G, an MHC class Ib molecule that binds a more restricted set of peptides than class Ia molecules, is a particularly interesting molecule, because during assembly, it recycles between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the cis-Golgi until it is loaded with a high affinity peptide. We have taken advantage of this unusual trafficking property of HLA-G and its requirement for high affinity peptides to demonstrate that a critical function of tapasin is to transform class I molecules into a high affinity, peptide-receptive form. In the absence of tapasin, HLA-G molecules cannot bind high affinity peptides, and an abundant supply of peptides cannot overcome the tapasin requirement for high affinity peptide loading. The addition of tapasin renders HLA-G molecules capable of loading high affinity peptides and of transporting to the surface, suggesting that tapasin is a prerequisite for the binding of high-affinity ligands. Interestingly, the {"}tapasin-dependent{"} HLA-G molecules are not empty in the absence of tapasin but are in fact associated with suboptimal peptides and continue to recycle between the ER and the cis-Golgi. Together with the finding that empty HLA-G heterodimers are strictly retained in the ER and degraded, our data suggest that MHC class I molecules bind any available peptides to avoid ER-mediated degradation and that the peptides are in turn replaced by higher affinity peptides with the aid of tapasin.",
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An essential function of tapasin in quality control of HLA-G molecules. / Park, Boyoun; Ahn, Kwangseog.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 278, No. 16, 18.04.2003, p. 14337-14345.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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