An experimental study on applying organic PCMs to gypsum-cement board for improving thermal performance of buildings in different climates

Su Gwang Jeong, Seunghwan Wi, Seong Jin Chang, Jongki Lee, Sumin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to develop a heat storage gypsum-cement board (G/C board) by using vacuum impregnation method and evaluate its physical and thermal properties. In particular, this paper analyzed the chemical property, heat capacity, thermal resistance, thermal conductivity, and heat transfer performance of the heat storage G/C board based on results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), TCi, and dynamic heat transfer analyses. Especially, dynamic heat transfer analysis was focused in this study to determine time-lag effect and thermal efficiency property of the developed heat storage G/C board with PCMs. As a result, it was confirmed that PCM containing heat storage G/C boards had time lag effect. Such heat storage G/C board could be used to reduce energy consumption of buildings. In the analysis of building energy consumption through energy simulation, the energy reduction effect is larger when the G/C board with n-octadecane was applied, because n-octadecane has more suitable phase change temperature. Especially, when n-octadecane was applied, it is effective to reduce the cooling load during cooling season.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-194
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Volume190
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 1

Fingerprint

Heat storage
Pulse code modulation
Gypsum
Cements
Heat transfer
Energy utilization
Cooling
Heat resistance
Impregnation
Chemical properties
Specific heat
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Thermogravimetric analysis
Differential scanning calorimetry
Thermal conductivity
Thermodynamic properties
Physical properties
Hot Temperature
Vacuum
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The main objective of this study was to develop a heat storage gypsum-cement board (G/C board) by using vacuum impregnation method and evaluate its physical and thermal properties. In particular, this paper analyzed the chemical property, heat capacity, thermal resistance, thermal conductivity, and heat transfer performance of the heat storage G/C board based on results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), TCi, and dynamic heat transfer analyses. Especially, dynamic heat transfer analysis was focused in this study to determine time-lag effect and thermal efficiency property of the developed heat storage G/C board with PCMs. As a result, it was confirmed that PCM containing heat storage G/C boards had time lag effect. Such heat storage G/C board could be used to reduce energy consumption of buildings. In the analysis of building energy consumption through energy simulation, the energy reduction effect is larger when the G/C board with n-octadecane was applied, because n-octadecane has more suitable phase change temperature. Especially, when n-octadecane was applied, it is effective to reduce the cooling load during cooling season.",
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An experimental study on applying organic PCMs to gypsum-cement board for improving thermal performance of buildings in different climates. / Jeong, Su Gwang; Wi, Seunghwan; Chang, Seong Jin; Lee, Jongki; Kim, Sumin.

In: Energy and Buildings, Vol. 190, 01.05.2019, p. 183-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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