Memorable message research examines interpersonal messages "... remembered for extremely long periods of time and which people perceive as a major influence on the course of their lives" (Knapp, Stohl, & Reardon, 1981, p. 27). They can also guide actions, such as health behaviors. This exploratory research examined self-reported memorable messages about breast cancer to determine if they were framed, emphasizing either the benefits (gain-framed) or the costs (loss-framed) of a behavior. About one-fourth of the messages were framed, with most being gain-framed. The messages tended to emphasize early detection actions. Study limitations and implications for future research are discussed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Carolyn Lauckner (B.A., Michigan State University, 2010) is a Doctoral Student in the Department of Telecommunication, Information Studies, and Media at Michigan State University. Sandi Smith (Ph.D., University of Southern California, 1986) is a Professor in the Department of Communication Arts & Sciences and Director of the Health and Risk Communication Center at Michigan State University. Michael Kotowski (Ph.D., Michigan State University, 2007) is an Assistant Professor in the School of Communication Studies at the University of Tennessee. Samantha Nazione (M.A., Michigan State University, 2009) is a Doctoral Student in the Department of Communication at Michigan State University. Cynthia Stohl (Ph.D., Purdue University, 1982) is a Professor in the Department of Communication at the University of California–Santa Barbara. Abby Prestin (Ph.D., University of California—Santa Barbara, 2012) is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the National Institutes of Health/National Cancer Center. Jiyeon So (M.A., Purdue University, 2007) is a Doctoral Student in the Department of Communication at the University of California–Santa Barbara. Robin Nabi (Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1998) is a Professor and Graduate Advisor in the Department of Communication at the University of California–Santa Barbara. This publication was made possible by the Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Centers Grant No. U01 ES/CA 012771 from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Department of Health & Human Services. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NIEHS, NCI, or NIH. Correspondence: Sandi Smith, 572 Department of Communication Arts & Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824; E-mail: email@example.com
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes