We have extended the search for selective inhibitors of the kinases of MAPK cascades by screening a derivative library of one of the isoquinoline rings of the protoberberine backbone. HWY 5069 inhibited the proliferation of wild-type and all mutants of Schizosaccharomyces pombe examined, except spc1Δ, at a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 3.76 μM. HWY 5069 also completely inhibited Spc1 kinase activity in vitro with an IC50 of 16.4 μM as a competitive inhibitor of substrate binding. It was highly selective for Spc1 and did not affect the activity of other kinases in the MAPK cascades of fission yeast and mammals, including functional homologs of Spc1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Drug Discovery
- Clinical Biochemistry