An order/disorder/water junction system for highly efficient co-catalyst-free photocatalytic hydrogen generation

Kan Zhang, Luyang Wang, Jung Kyu Kim, Ming Ma, Ganapathy Veerappan, Chang Lyoul Lee, Ki Jeong Kong, Hyoyoung Lee, Jong Hyeok Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surface engineering of TiO2 is faced with the challenge of high solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency. Recently, surface-disordered TiO2, referred to as black TiO2, which can absorb both visible and near-infrared solar light, has triggered an explosion of interest in many important applications. Unfortunately, the mechanism underlying the improved photocatalytic effect from an amorphous surface layer remains unclear and seems to contradict conventional wisdom. Here, we demonstrate selectively "disorder engineered" Degussa P-25 TiO2 nanoparticles using simple room-temperature solution processing, which maintain the unique three-phase interfaces composed of ordered white-anatase and disordered black-rutile with open structures for easy electrolyte access. The strong reducing agent in a superbase, which consists of lithium in ethylenediamine (Li-EDA), can disorder only the white-rutile phase of P-25, leaving behind blue coloured TiO2 nanoparticles. The order/disorder/water junction created by the blue P-25 can not only efficiently internally separate electrons/holes through type-II bandgap alignment but can also induce a strong hydrogen (H2) evolution surface reaction in the sacrificial agent containing electrolyte. As a result, the blue P-25 exhibited outstanding H2 production rates of 13.89 mmol h-1 g-1 using 0.5 wt% Pt (co-catalyst) and 3.46 mmol h-1 g-1 without using any co-catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-503
Number of pages5
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb

Fingerprint

Order disorder transitions
crystal structure
Hydrogen
ethylenediamine
catalyst
hydrogen
rutile
electrolyte
Electrolytes
Catalysts
Water
Nanoparticles
Phase interfaces
anatase
Reducing Agents
Surface reactions
Reducing agents
lithium
Lithium
water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Pollution

Cite this

Zhang, Kan ; Wang, Luyang ; Kim, Jung Kyu ; Ma, Ming ; Veerappan, Ganapathy ; Lee, Chang Lyoul ; Kong, Ki Jeong ; Lee, Hyoyoung ; Park, Jong Hyeok. / An order/disorder/water junction system for highly efficient co-catalyst-free photocatalytic hydrogen generation. In: Energy and Environmental Science. 2016 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 499-503.
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An order/disorder/water junction system for highly efficient co-catalyst-free photocatalytic hydrogen generation. / Zhang, Kan; Wang, Luyang; Kim, Jung Kyu; Ma, Ming; Veerappan, Ganapathy; Lee, Chang Lyoul; Kong, Ki Jeong; Lee, Hyoyoung; Park, Jong Hyeok.

In: Energy and Environmental Science, Vol. 9, No. 2, 02.2016, p. 499-503.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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