Food waste (FW) related issues in developing countries is currently considered to be a major threatening factor for sustainable development and FW management systems. Due to incomplete FW management systems, many developing countries are facing challenges, such as environmental and sanitary problems that are caused by FW. The difference in FW generation trends between developing countries and developed countries was reviewed in this work, which demonstrated that the effects of income level, population growth, and public participation in FW management are very important. Thus, this work aimed to provide an overview of recycling activities, related regulations, and current FW treatment technology in developing countries by following some case studies. Taiwan, has been suggested as being a successful case in terms of FW management, and is therefore a typical model for developing countries to follow. Finally, an integrative management system as a suitable model for FW management has been suggested for developing countries.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial supports by Taiwan's Bureau of Energy (grant no. 102-D0616 ), Taiwan's Ministry of Science and Technology ( MOST102-2221-E-035-002-MY3 and MOST103-2923-E-035-001-MY3 ), Ton Duc Thang University and Feng Chia University ( FCU-10G27101 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law