Hederacoside C is a principal bioactive pharmaceutical ingredient of Hedera helix leaf extracts. H. helix extracts have long been used in folk medicine for the treatment of respiratory disorders. Currently, hederacoside C is investigated as a promising candidate for the treatment of respiratory diseases. In this study, an accurate, sensitive, rapid, and reliable bioanalytical method was developed for the determination of hederacoside C in rat plasma using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS). For sample preparation, plasma proteins were precipitated with 0.1% acetic acid in acetonitrile. Waters UPLC BEH C18 (2.1 mm I.D. × 100 mm, 1.7 μm) column was used for chromatographic separation. A gradient elution of mobile phases consisting of 0.02% acetic acid in distilled water (solvent A) and 0.02% acetic acid in acetonitrile (solvent B) was used at a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. The multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode was used for mass spectrometric detection; the MRM transitions were m/z 1219.7 → m/z 469.2 for hederacoside C and m/z 1108.3 → m/z 221.2 for ginsenoside Rb1 (internal standard) in the negative ionization mode. A calibration curve was constructed in the range of 10–1000 ng/mL. The intra- and inter-day precision and accuracy were within 5%. The developed UPLC–MS/MS method was successfully applied in a pharmacokinetic study of hederacoside C in rats. Hederacoside C was quickly but inadequately absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract of rats resulting in extremely low bioavailability and relatively slow clearance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery
- Clinical Biochemistry