Endodontic microsurgery is a highly predictable treatment option in most cases when conventional endodontic treatment is not feasible. Nevertheless, mandibular molars are still con-sidered by clinicians to be the most difficult type of teeth, with the lowest success rate. In recent years, endodontic microsurgery has been attempted more frequently with the emergence of modern cutting-edge technologies such as dental operating microscopes, various microsurgical instruments, and biocompatible materials, and the success rate is increasing. This review describes the current state of the art in endodontic microsurgical techniques and concepts for mandibular molars. Notably, this review highlights contemporary equipment, technology, and materials.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Research This was funded research by was the funded Korea Medical by the Korea Device Medical Development Device Development Fund grant funded Fund grant funded by government the Korea (the government Ministry (the of Science Ministry and of ICT, Science the and Ministry ICT, of the Trade, Ministry Industry of Trade, and Industry and Ministry Energy, of the Health Ministry & Welfare, of Health Republic & Welfare, of Korea, Republic the Ministry of Korea, of the Food Ministry and Drug of Food Safety) and Drug Safety) ber: (Project 202011C03). Number: 202011C03).
Funding: This research was funded by the Korea Medical Device Development Fund grant funded by the Korea government (the Ministry of Science and ICT, the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, the MEnerinistgryy,othef HMinistryealth & WofelHealthfare, Re&puWbleilcfaorfeK, Republicorea, the MofiKornistrea,y othef FoMinistryod and DofruFoodg Safeandty) Drug Safety) (Project Number: (Project202011C03). Number: 202011C03).
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