Grade 3/4 anaemia, which is mainly induced by carboplatin, frequently occurs in patients treated with neoadjuvant docetaxel/carboplatin/trastuzumab/pertuzumab (TCHP). However, dose reduction of carboplatin may raise concerns about the oncological outcome. This study investigated the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate, occurrence of grade 3/4 anaemia, and transfusion rate according to carboplatin dose in patients treated with neoadjuvant TCHP. We retrospectively analysed 294 patients treated with neoadjuvant TCHP between April 2015 and December 2020. Case matching was performed using propensity score matching. Among patients treated with neoadjuvant TCHP, carboplatin area under the plasma concentration–time curve 6 (AUC6) was used in 234 patients (79.6%) and upfront carboplatin AUC5 was used in 60 patients (20.4%). No significant difference in pCR rate was found between the two groups (AUC6: 70.9%, AUC5: 80.0%). In both oestrogen receptor-positive (ER+) and ER- patients, no significant differences were observed between the AUC6 and AUC5 groups (ER+: 54.3% vs. 50.0%, ER-: 81.7% vs. 86.0%). The case-matched cohort showed consistent findings. The AUC5 group had lower frequencies of grade 3/4 anaemia (18.3% vs. 34.2%) and transfusion events (10.0% vs. 21.8%) than the AUC6 group. Compared with AUC5, carboplatin at AUC6 would associate with a 2.7-fold increased risk of grade 3 or 4 chemotherapy-induced anaemia. Carboplatin AUC5 has comparable cytotoxic effects to carboplatin AUC6 in patients with HER2+ breast cancer treated with six cycles of neoadjuvant TCHP, with fewer complications associated with clinically meaningful anaemia. AUC5 may be the optimal carboplatin dose to reduce TCHP-induced anaemia in patients with HER2+ breast cancer treated with TCHP.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2023 Jan|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by funds from the Basic Science Research Program through the NRF (NRF‐2019R1C1C1002830), Republic of Korea. We thank Editage ( www.editage.co.kr ) for English language editing.
This work was supported by funds from the Basic Science Research Program through the NRF (NRF‐2019R1C1C1002830), Republic of Korea.
© 2022 The Authors. Cancer Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research