We conducted a 24-week, multicentre, double-blind, randomized study with a 28-week extension to compare the efficacy and safety of anagliptin and sitagliptin as an add-on to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients inadequately controlled on metformin were randomized to either anagliptin (100mg twice daily, n=92) or sitagliptin (100mg once daily, n=88). The primary endpoint was the change in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) from baseline to week 24. The mean changes in HbA1c were -0.85±0.70% (p<0.0001) for anagliptin and -0.83±0.61% (p<0.0001) for sitagliptin, with a mean difference of -0.02% (95% confidence interval of difference, -0.22 to 0.18%). In both groups, the fasting proinsulin:insulin ratio significantly decreased from baseline, with improved insulin secretion. Safety profiles were similar in each group. In conclusion, the non-inferiority of the efficacy of anagliptin to sitagliptin as an add-on therapy was established with regard to efficacy and safety.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism