Up to 40% of patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may develop central nervous system (CNS) metastases throughout their disease. Moreover, the first-and second-generation EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors have limited efficacy because of their poor blood–brain barrier permeability. Therefore, we conducted preplanned analyses of ASTRIS, a clinical study of the third-generation EGFR-TKI osimertinib to demonstrate its potential role in intracranial response efficacies. We retrospectively examined 89 NSCLC patients with brain evaluation who were not amenable to curative surgery or radiotherapy and received osimertinib upon confirmation of the presence of the T790M mutation. We collected the information regarding patients’ baseline characteristics, baseline intracranial status, including leptomeningeal metastases (LM), and intracranial responses measured by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1, using independent central review. The median age was 60 years, and 69.7% of the patients were female. Sixty-five patients (73.0%) had brain metastases (BM) at baseline and nineteen patients (23.5%) had additional LM. Among patients with brain metastases, 24 (36.9%) had ≥1 measurable brain metastases and 16 were evaluated for the objective response. In the CNS evaluable for response set, the intracranial objective response rate (cORR) and disease control rate (cDCR) were 62.5% (95% confidence interval (CI), 38.3–82.6%) and 93.8% (95% CI, 74.3–99.3%), respectively. The median intracranial progression-free survival (cPFS) was 13.0 (95% CI, 7.21–18.8) months, including patients with measurable and non-measurable BM or LM. Our cORR, cDCR, and cPFS were comparable to those observed in previous clinical trials. The outcome of this study helps to demonstrate the potential role of intracranial efficacies of osimertinib 80 mg administration in T790M-positive advanced NSCLC with/without BM or LM.
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Aug 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by AstraZeneca Korea (ESR-17-13075).
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research