Analysis of air blast effect for explosives in a large scale detonation

Hweeung Kwon, Kyungjae Tak, Sanjeev Maken, Hyounsoo Kim, Jungsu Park, Il Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Open Burning/Open Detonation (OB/OD) has been widely used for demilitarization of expired explosives. However, OB/OD effects a variety of hazardous damages to environment. Therefore, using incinerators to treat expired explosives is required instead of OB/OD. To guarantee the safety of these demilitarization methods, the blast wave of the explosives should be previously recognized to evaluate the impact of detonations. Although various materials are used to produce explosives, most researches have focused on trinitrotoluene (TNT). Other representative explosives such as research department explosives (RDX) and high melting explosives (HMX) are seldom studied in the literature. Therefore, our aim was to understand the blast wave of three materials under different geometry throughout simulations. To improve accuracy and reduce computational time, a zoning technique with Euler-Lagrange coupling method was used. Due to limitations and difficulties of detonation experiments, simulations were verified by theoretical models. In case of semi-confined bunker, the simulation results were compared with experimental data, showing a close match. As a result, cylinder type is the safest incinerator among semi-confined bunker, cylinder, and cube incinerators, in terms of the blast wave.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3048-3053
Number of pages6
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume34
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support of The Next-Generation Converged Energy Materials Research Center and Agency for Defense Development.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers, Seoul, Korea.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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