Analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in Korea: For personalized treatment

Eun Su Moon, Hak Sun Kim, Veushj Sharma, Jin Oh Park, Hwan Mo Lee, Sung Hwan Moon, Hyon Su Chong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The incidence of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) has rapidly increased, and with it, physician consultations and expenditures (about one and a half times) in the last 5 years. Recent etiological studies reveal that AIS is a complex genetic disorder that results from the interaction of multiple gene loci and the environment. For personalized treatment of AIS, a tool that can accurately measure the progression of Cobb's angle would be of great use. Gene analysis utilizing single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) has been developed as a diagnostic tool for use in Caucasians but not Koreans. Therefore, we attempted to reveal AIS-related genes and their relevance in Koreans, exploring the potential use of gene analysis as a diagnostic tool for personalized treatment of AIS therein. Materials and Methods A total of 68 Korean AIS and 35 age- and sex-matched, healthy adolescents were enrolled in this study and were examined for 10 candidate scoliosis gene SNPs. Results This study revealed that the SNPs of rs2449539 in lysosomal-associated transmembrane protein 4 beta (LAPTM4B) and rs5742612 in upstream and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) were associated with both susceptibility to and curve severity in AIS. The results suggested that both LAPTM4B and IGF1 genes were important in AIS predisposition and progression. Conclusion Thus, on the basis of this study, if more SNPs or candidate genes are studied in a larger population in Korea, personalized treatment of Korean AIS patients might become a possibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)500-509
Number of pages10
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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