Atmospheric pressure (AP) plasmas can sterilize against almost all kinds of bacteria because many ions and reactive species, such as oxygen atoms and ozone, etc., are generated during AP plasmas. So AP plasmas are proper processes for application to air cleaners and sterilizers. The aim of this paper is to evaluate a germicidal effect caused by pulsed plasma system in air utilizing a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) type reactor incorporating alumina, glass, etc. Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria were used for this sterilization experiment. For analysis of the relationship between sterilization results and chemical species generated in the discharge, we used optical emission spectroscopy and we checked emission spectra by atomic oxygen (394.2 and 436.8 nm) and second positive system of nitrogen (337.1 nm). Experimental results showed that DBD treatment during 70 s sterilized E. coli with 99.99% effectively and ozone molecules were the dominant germicidal species. From these results we concluded that the pulsed DBD system is very effective for sterilization.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering