The extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory was applied to explain the hydrophobic interaction-mediated adhesion of Pseudomonas putida NCIB 9816-4 to soil. Soil particles are heterogeneous, and it is difficult to define consistent physico-chemical properties such as a contact angle and zeta potential. Hence, a silica gel and a silanized (3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane-coated) silica gel, which showed greater hydrophobicity than the unmodified silica gel, were used as model soils. Gibbs energies for the cell adhesion to the silica gels were calculated with the physico-chemical properties of the microbes and the silica gels and then plotted as a function of the separation distance. The extended DLVO theory successfully explained that the adhesion of P. putida NCIB 9816-4 to the silica gel, a model soil, was primarily caused by hydrophobic interaction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis