Gaseous nitrogen (GN 2) is used as an insulation and pressurization material for developing a high-voltage superconducting magnet system utilizing liquid nitrogen (LN 2) cooling. In a LN 2 cooling system, current leads for a high-voltage superconducting magnet are exposed to GN 2 to temperatures that can range from 65 to 300 K. Therefore, a study on the electrical breakdown and partial discharge inception voltage test was performed considering the temperature and pressure variation of GN 2. The dielectric characteristics of GN 2 were observed to improve as the temperature and pressure increased. In addition, the partial discharge inception voltage was similar to the behavior of dielectric breakdown voltage with respect to temperature and pressure. To confirm a functional relationship between the breakdown voltage and effect of the electrode surface area, experimental results were summarized using a field utilization factor. The dielectric breakdown voltage was found dependent on the field utilization factor. Consequently, the dielectric breakdown voltage of GN 2 could be expressed as a function of field utilization factor according to temperature and pressure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics