Analysis of the effect of MnO2 precipitation on the performance of a vanadium/manganese redox flow battery

Hyo June Lee, Sangki Park, Hansung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To increase the energy density of a vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB), the Mn(II)/Mn(III) system was used as a positive reaction and its effect on the performance and cycle life were investigated. The discharge voltage of the V/Mn system increased due to the higher redox potential of Mn(II)/Mn(III), which led to a 47% increase in initial energy density from 21 Wh L−1 to 31 Wh L−1. However, Mn(III) ions in the positive electrolyte are converted to MnO2 upon charging and remain in the precipitate without being reduced upon discharge, thus decreasing the energy density of the V/Mn system up to the 10th cycle. As cycles progressed further, the number of vanadium ions permeating to the positive electrolyte increased, and the particle size of MnO2 decreased. As a result, MnO2 could participate in the reduction reaction without precipitating, resulting in increased energy density. These results show the possibility of using Mn ions for the positive reaction by appropriately controlling the particle size of MnO2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A952-A956
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume165
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Vanadium
Manganese
vanadium
electric batteries
manganese
flux density
Ions
Electrolytes
Particle size
cycles
electrolytes
permeating
ions
Precipitates
Life cycle
charging
precipitates
Electric potential
Flow batteries
electric potential

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "To increase the energy density of a vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB), the Mn(II)/Mn(III) system was used as a positive reaction and its effect on the performance and cycle life were investigated. The discharge voltage of the V/Mn system increased due to the higher redox potential of Mn(II)/Mn(III), which led to a 47{\%} increase in initial energy density from 21 Wh L−1 to 31 Wh L−1. However, Mn(III) ions in the positive electrolyte are converted to MnO2 upon charging and remain in the precipitate without being reduced upon discharge, thus decreasing the energy density of the V/Mn system up to the 10th cycle. As cycles progressed further, the number of vanadium ions permeating to the positive electrolyte increased, and the particle size of MnO2 decreased. As a result, MnO2 could participate in the reduction reaction without precipitating, resulting in increased energy density. These results show the possibility of using Mn ions for the positive reaction by appropriately controlling the particle size of MnO2.",
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Analysis of the effect of MnO2 precipitation on the performance of a vanadium/manganese redox flow battery. / Lee, Hyo June; Park, Sangki; Kim, Hansung.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, No. 5, 01.01.2018, p. A952-A956.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - To increase the energy density of a vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB), the Mn(II)/Mn(III) system was used as a positive reaction and its effect on the performance and cycle life were investigated. The discharge voltage of the V/Mn system increased due to the higher redox potential of Mn(II)/Mn(III), which led to a 47% increase in initial energy density from 21 Wh L−1 to 31 Wh L−1. However, Mn(III) ions in the positive electrolyte are converted to MnO2 upon charging and remain in the precipitate without being reduced upon discharge, thus decreasing the energy density of the V/Mn system up to the 10th cycle. As cycles progressed further, the number of vanadium ions permeating to the positive electrolyte increased, and the particle size of MnO2 decreased. As a result, MnO2 could participate in the reduction reaction without precipitating, resulting in increased energy density. These results show the possibility of using Mn ions for the positive reaction by appropriately controlling the particle size of MnO2.

AB - To increase the energy density of a vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB), the Mn(II)/Mn(III) system was used as a positive reaction and its effect on the performance and cycle life were investigated. The discharge voltage of the V/Mn system increased due to the higher redox potential of Mn(II)/Mn(III), which led to a 47% increase in initial energy density from 21 Wh L−1 to 31 Wh L−1. However, Mn(III) ions in the positive electrolyte are converted to MnO2 upon charging and remain in the precipitate without being reduced upon discharge, thus decreasing the energy density of the V/Mn system up to the 10th cycle. As cycles progressed further, the number of vanadium ions permeating to the positive electrolyte increased, and the particle size of MnO2 decreased. As a result, MnO2 could participate in the reduction reaction without precipitating, resulting in increased energy density. These results show the possibility of using Mn ions for the positive reaction by appropriately controlling the particle size of MnO2.

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