Analysis of the oxidation of the V(II) by dissolved oxygen using UV-visible spectrophotometry in a vanadium redox flow battery

Nak Heon Choi, Soon Kwan Kwon, Hansung Kim

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In this study, the oxidation of the V(II) by dissolved oxygen was examined quantitatively using UV-visible spectrophotometry. UV-visible spectrophotometry is an accurate method of determining the concentration of vanadium ions at both the negative and positive half-cell electrolytes. To apply Beer's law, the concentration should be diluted below 0.15 M to achieve a linear relationship between the absorbance and concentration. UV-visible spectrophotometry revealed that the concentration of V(II) in the negative half-cell electrolyte decreases continuously with cycling due to the rapid oxidation of the V(II) by dissolved oxygen. This decrease gives rise to an imbalance between the positive and negative half-cell electrolytes, which results in a significant capacity loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A973-A979
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep 24


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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