Analysis of the relationship between flooding area and water height in the Logone floodplain

Hahn Chul Jung, Doug Alsdorf, Mark Moritz, Hyongki Lee, Sara Vassolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The intra- and inter-annual variations in the area, depth, and duration of seasonal flooding have direct and indirect impacts on ecosystems and human lives and livelihoods in the Logone floodplain, located in the Chad Basin. Flood inundation mapping helps us to better understand the variation in flooding and its impact on dynamic coupled human and natural systems in the Logone floodplain. We generated flood maps from 33 multi-temporal Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) images acquired during three years from 2006 to 2008. Flooded area is classified using a short-wave infrared band whereas open water is classified by Iterative Self-organizing Data Analysis (ISODATA) clustering. The maximum flooding area in the Logone floodplain reached up to ∼5.8Kkm2 in late October 2008. A second polynomial regression model showed a strong correlation between the flooding areas and water height variations in both the floodplain and the Logone River. The water heights stem from ENVISAT altimetry in the floodplain and gauge measurements in the river. Coefficients of determination between flooding areas and water height variations are greater than 0.91 with 4-36days in time lag between the two measurements. Floodwater drains back to the river and to the northwest during the recession period in December and January. The study contributes to a better understanding of the Logone floodplain dynamics with details of the spatial pattern and size of the flooding area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-240
Number of pages9
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of the Earth
Issue number7-8
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by NASA Headquarters under the NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship Program (09-Earth09F-197). Funding for this research was also provided by a Korean Science and Engineering Foundation Grant (No. C00131 ) and by OSU’s Climate, Water, and Carbon program. USGS EROS supplied the Landsat ETM+ data. ENVISAT radar altimetry data were provided by ESA/ESRIN. The river gauge data are courtesy of the Lake Chad Basin Commission.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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