Analytical and experimental studies on torsional behavior of hybrid truss bridge girders with various connection joints

Ji Hun Choi, Kwang Hoe Jung, Tae Kyun Kim, Jang Jay Ho Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A hybrid truss bridge (HTB) is a bridge constructed by replacing the concrete webs of a pre-stressed box girder bridge with steel truss webs. With its open web section, HTB offers advantages of high structural efficiency and excellent aesthetic appearance. The core technology of HTB is the connection system between the steel trusses and the concrete deck. Since the open web section of a HTB decreases the torsional capacity, precise analysis of the torsional behavior of the open web section with respect to the connection joint type is needed to ensure the safety of HTBs. In this study, the torsional capacity of HTB was calculated using the torsion formula derived based on the steel plate thickness conversion equation for corrugated steel web plates and the space truss theory. The torsion formula was verified by performing a parametric study using a commercial finite element program. Next, the torsion analysis results of the HTB girder were compared to experimental results to evaluate their accuracy. Finally, the simulation, experimental, and torsion formula results were compared to evaluate the feasibility of using the formula in design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-495
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Advanced Concrete Technology
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Beams and girders
Steel
Torsional stress
Concretes
Box girder bridges
Trusses

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

@article{12149f8cfd174354a2f512992ce23270,
title = "Analytical and experimental studies on torsional behavior of hybrid truss bridge girders with various connection joints",
abstract = "A hybrid truss bridge (HTB) is a bridge constructed by replacing the concrete webs of a pre-stressed box girder bridge with steel truss webs. With its open web section, HTB offers advantages of high structural efficiency and excellent aesthetic appearance. The core technology of HTB is the connection system between the steel trusses and the concrete deck. Since the open web section of a HTB decreases the torsional capacity, precise analysis of the torsional behavior of the open web section with respect to the connection joint type is needed to ensure the safety of HTBs. In this study, the torsional capacity of HTB was calculated using the torsion formula derived based on the steel plate thickness conversion equation for corrugated steel web plates and the space truss theory. The torsion formula was verified by performing a parametric study using a commercial finite element program. Next, the torsion analysis results of the HTB girder were compared to experimental results to evaluate their accuracy. Finally, the simulation, experimental, and torsion formula results were compared to evaluate the feasibility of using the formula in design.",
author = "Choi, {Ji Hun} and Jung, {Kwang Hoe} and Kim, {Tae Kyun} and Kim, {Jang Jay Ho}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3151/jact.12.478",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "478--495",
journal = "Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology",
issn = "1346-8014",
publisher = "Japan Concrete Institute",
number = "11",

}

Analytical and experimental studies on torsional behavior of hybrid truss bridge girders with various connection joints. / Choi, Ji Hun; Jung, Kwang Hoe; Kim, Tae Kyun; Kim, Jang Jay Ho.

In: Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, Vol. 12, No. 11, 01.01.2014, p. 478-495.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analytical and experimental studies on torsional behavior of hybrid truss bridge girders with various connection joints

AU - Choi, Ji Hun

AU - Jung, Kwang Hoe

AU - Kim, Tae Kyun

AU - Kim, Jang Jay Ho

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - A hybrid truss bridge (HTB) is a bridge constructed by replacing the concrete webs of a pre-stressed box girder bridge with steel truss webs. With its open web section, HTB offers advantages of high structural efficiency and excellent aesthetic appearance. The core technology of HTB is the connection system between the steel trusses and the concrete deck. Since the open web section of a HTB decreases the torsional capacity, precise analysis of the torsional behavior of the open web section with respect to the connection joint type is needed to ensure the safety of HTBs. In this study, the torsional capacity of HTB was calculated using the torsion formula derived based on the steel plate thickness conversion equation for corrugated steel web plates and the space truss theory. The torsion formula was verified by performing a parametric study using a commercial finite element program. Next, the torsion analysis results of the HTB girder were compared to experimental results to evaluate their accuracy. Finally, the simulation, experimental, and torsion formula results were compared to evaluate the feasibility of using the formula in design.

AB - A hybrid truss bridge (HTB) is a bridge constructed by replacing the concrete webs of a pre-stressed box girder bridge with steel truss webs. With its open web section, HTB offers advantages of high structural efficiency and excellent aesthetic appearance. The core technology of HTB is the connection system between the steel trusses and the concrete deck. Since the open web section of a HTB decreases the torsional capacity, precise analysis of the torsional behavior of the open web section with respect to the connection joint type is needed to ensure the safety of HTBs. In this study, the torsional capacity of HTB was calculated using the torsion formula derived based on the steel plate thickness conversion equation for corrugated steel web plates and the space truss theory. The torsion formula was verified by performing a parametric study using a commercial finite element program. Next, the torsion analysis results of the HTB girder were compared to experimental results to evaluate their accuracy. Finally, the simulation, experimental, and torsion formula results were compared to evaluate the feasibility of using the formula in design.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84911368873&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84911368873&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3151/jact.12.478

DO - 10.3151/jact.12.478

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 478

EP - 495

JO - Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology

JF - Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology

SN - 1346-8014

IS - 11

ER -