Anatomical considerations regarding the location and boundary of the depressor anguli oris muscle with reference to botulinum toxin injection

You Jin Choi, Jung Suk Kim, Young Chun Gil, Thavorn Phetudom, Heejin Kim, Tanvaa Tansatit, Kyung-Seok Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Hyperactivity of the depressor anguli oris muscle can lead to a drooping of the mouth corner, which can give a sad, tired, or almost angry look in some patients. Botulinum toxin type A has recently been used to relax these hyperactive muscles. However, it is difficult to inject botulinum toxin type A into the depressor anguli oris muscle because its medial border overlaps with the depressor labii inferioris, and its lateral border is adjacent to the risorius, zygomaticus major, and platysma muscles. The aims of this study were to determine the topography of the facial muscles at the mouth corner and to provide critical information for determining the safest and most effective depressor anguli oris muscle botulinum toxin type A injection site. Methods: Forty-two hemifaces from Korean and Thai adult cadavers were dissected. Results: The location of the modiolus was 11.0 ± 2.6 mm (mean ± SD) lateral and 8.9 ± 2.8 mm inferior to the cheilion. The angle formed by the sagittal line passing through the modiolus (LV) and the line connecting the modiolus and the intersection point of the lateral border of the depressor anguli oris muscle and the mandibular border (LP2) was 44.7 ± 13.7 degrees. The angle formed by LV and the line connecting the modiolus and the most concave point of the medial border of the depressor anguli oris muscle (LP3) was 31.8 ± 8.5 degrees. Conclusion: These results suggest that the fan-shaped area bounded by LP2, LP3, and the mandibular border is the safest and most effective depressor anguli oris muscle injection site.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)917-921
Number of pages5
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery
Volume134
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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Botulinum Toxins
Muscles
Injections
Type A Botulinum Toxins
Mouth
Facial Muscles
Cadaver

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

Cite this

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title = "Anatomical considerations regarding the location and boundary of the depressor anguli oris muscle with reference to botulinum toxin injection",
abstract = "Background: Hyperactivity of the depressor anguli oris muscle can lead to a drooping of the mouth corner, which can give a sad, tired, or almost angry look in some patients. Botulinum toxin type A has recently been used to relax these hyperactive muscles. However, it is difficult to inject botulinum toxin type A into the depressor anguli oris muscle because its medial border overlaps with the depressor labii inferioris, and its lateral border is adjacent to the risorius, zygomaticus major, and platysma muscles. The aims of this study were to determine the topography of the facial muscles at the mouth corner and to provide critical information for determining the safest and most effective depressor anguli oris muscle botulinum toxin type A injection site. Methods: Forty-two hemifaces from Korean and Thai adult cadavers were dissected. Results: The location of the modiolus was 11.0 ± 2.6 mm (mean ± SD) lateral and 8.9 ± 2.8 mm inferior to the cheilion. The angle formed by the sagittal line passing through the modiolus (LV) and the line connecting the modiolus and the intersection point of the lateral border of the depressor anguli oris muscle and the mandibular border (LP2) was 44.7 ± 13.7 degrees. The angle formed by LV and the line connecting the modiolus and the most concave point of the medial border of the depressor anguli oris muscle (LP3) was 31.8 ± 8.5 degrees. Conclusion: These results suggest that the fan-shaped area bounded by LP2, LP3, and the mandibular border is the safest and most effective depressor anguli oris muscle injection site.",
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Anatomical considerations regarding the location and boundary of the depressor anguli oris muscle with reference to botulinum toxin injection. / Choi, You Jin; Kim, Jung Suk; Gil, Young Chun; Phetudom, Thavorn; Kim, Heejin; Tansatit, Tanvaa; Hu, Kyung-Seok.

In: Plastic and reconstructive surgery, Vol. 134, No. 5, 01.01.2014, p. 917-921.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Choi, You Jin

AU - Kim, Jung Suk

AU - Gil, Young Chun

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AU - Kim, Heejin

AU - Tansatit, Tanvaa

AU - Hu, Kyung-Seok

PY - 2014/1/1

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N2 - Background: Hyperactivity of the depressor anguli oris muscle can lead to a drooping of the mouth corner, which can give a sad, tired, or almost angry look in some patients. Botulinum toxin type A has recently been used to relax these hyperactive muscles. However, it is difficult to inject botulinum toxin type A into the depressor anguli oris muscle because its medial border overlaps with the depressor labii inferioris, and its lateral border is adjacent to the risorius, zygomaticus major, and platysma muscles. The aims of this study were to determine the topography of the facial muscles at the mouth corner and to provide critical information for determining the safest and most effective depressor anguli oris muscle botulinum toxin type A injection site. Methods: Forty-two hemifaces from Korean and Thai adult cadavers were dissected. Results: The location of the modiolus was 11.0 ± 2.6 mm (mean ± SD) lateral and 8.9 ± 2.8 mm inferior to the cheilion. The angle formed by the sagittal line passing through the modiolus (LV) and the line connecting the modiolus and the intersection point of the lateral border of the depressor anguli oris muscle and the mandibular border (LP2) was 44.7 ± 13.7 degrees. The angle formed by LV and the line connecting the modiolus and the most concave point of the medial border of the depressor anguli oris muscle (LP3) was 31.8 ± 8.5 degrees. Conclusion: These results suggest that the fan-shaped area bounded by LP2, LP3, and the mandibular border is the safest and most effective depressor anguli oris muscle injection site.

AB - Background: Hyperactivity of the depressor anguli oris muscle can lead to a drooping of the mouth corner, which can give a sad, tired, or almost angry look in some patients. Botulinum toxin type A has recently been used to relax these hyperactive muscles. However, it is difficult to inject botulinum toxin type A into the depressor anguli oris muscle because its medial border overlaps with the depressor labii inferioris, and its lateral border is adjacent to the risorius, zygomaticus major, and platysma muscles. The aims of this study were to determine the topography of the facial muscles at the mouth corner and to provide critical information for determining the safest and most effective depressor anguli oris muscle botulinum toxin type A injection site. Methods: Forty-two hemifaces from Korean and Thai adult cadavers were dissected. Results: The location of the modiolus was 11.0 ± 2.6 mm (mean ± SD) lateral and 8.9 ± 2.8 mm inferior to the cheilion. The angle formed by the sagittal line passing through the modiolus (LV) and the line connecting the modiolus and the intersection point of the lateral border of the depressor anguli oris muscle and the mandibular border (LP2) was 44.7 ± 13.7 degrees. The angle formed by LV and the line connecting the modiolus and the most concave point of the medial border of the depressor anguli oris muscle (LP3) was 31.8 ± 8.5 degrees. Conclusion: These results suggest that the fan-shaped area bounded by LP2, LP3, and the mandibular border is the safest and most effective depressor anguli oris muscle injection site.

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