Even though halide perovskite materials have been increasingly investigated as flexible devices, mechanical properties under flexible environments have rarely been reported on. Herein, a nonconventional deposition technique that can generate extra compressive or tensile stress in representative inorganic CsPbBr3 and hybrid MAPbI3 (methylammonium lead iodide) halide perovskites is proposed for higher mechanical flexibility. As an impressive result of bending fracture evaluation, fracture energy is substantially improved by ≈260% for CsPbBr3 and ≈161% for MAPbI3 with the maximum compressive strain of −1.33%. Origin of the flexibility enhancements by the in situ strain is verified with structural simulation where the anisotropic lattice distortion, that is, contraction in the ab plane and elongation along the c-axis, is evident with changes in atomic bond lengths and angles in the halide perovskites. Other mechanical properties such as hardness, film strength, and fracture toughness are also discussed with direct comparisons between the inorganic and hybrid halides. Beyond the successful adjustment of this in situ deposition technique, the strain-dependent mechanical properties are expected to be extensively useful for designing halides-based flexible devices.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was financially supported by grants from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF‐2016M3A7B4910151 & NRF‐2020M3D1A2102913), Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (No. 20173010013340) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry, & Energy (MOTIE) of Korea, and the Creative Materials Discovery Program by the Ministry of Science and ICT (2018M3D1A1058536).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics