Anthropometric variables as predictors of semen parameters and fertility outcomes after varicocelectomy

Ramy Abou Ghayda, Robert Zakhia El-Doueihi, Jun Young Lee, Muhammad Bulbul, Nassib Abou Heidar, Jad Bulbul, Samer Asmar, Sung Hwi Hong, Jae Won Yang, Andreas Kronbichler, Jae Il Shin

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Varicocele is the most common correctable male infertility factor and varicocelectomy has been a mainstay in the management of infertility. However, the role of varicocelectomy as a treatment option has been controversial, and the scientific debate around it is still ongoing. Our study aimed to explore the role of anthropometric variables of infertile patients and their relation to sperm parameters following varicocelectomy. The outcome of 124 infertile patients who underwent open sub-inguinal varicocelectomy by a single surgeon over the last ten years was studied. Post varicocelectomy, four semen parameters (volume, total count, motility, and morphology) were analyzed and adjusted according to anthropometric variables including age, varicocele grade, and body mass index (BMI) of patients. Total count and motility were significantly improved after surgery. Varicocelectomy improved semen parameters, notably the count and the motility, especially in younger patients, lower grades of varicocele patients, and low BMI patients. In addition, BMI was positively correlated with volume in pre-varicocelectomy and post-varicocelectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1160
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr

Bibliographical note

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© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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