Synthetic oil containing diacylglycerol and monoacylglycerol, called 'functional oil' (FO), was newly produced and evaluated for its putative anti-atherosclerotic potential by in vitro assays and in vivo test using hypercholesterolemic mice (C57BL/6). The FO revealed good inhibitory activities against both liver acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase and serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A 2. The FO showed enhanced activities on lipoprotein interaction such as HDL particle rearrangement to produce different sizes of HDL species. In control mice, hypercholesterolemia was induced by consumption of high-cholesterol, high-fat (HCHF) diet that contained 1.25% cholesterol/15% fat/0.5% Na-cholate with or without 5% of corn oil. In experimental mice, 5% of the FO + HCHF diet was fed during the same period. After the 4-week administration of the diet, serum total cholesterol concentration of the FO-fed group decreased by 38 or 20% when compared to the HCHF diet control group or corn oil (99.9% of triacylglycerol) diet group, respectively. The percentage of HDL cholesterol to total cholesterol was 36% of HDL cholesterol in the FO-fed group, while the HCHF control group and corn oil-fed group showed 21 and 25%, respectively. These results indicate that the FO possesses a blood cholesterol-lowering effect in mouse model and inhibition effects against the atherogenic enzymes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics