Anti-Cancer Effects of YAP Inhibitor (CA3) in Combination with Sorafenib against Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) in Patient-Derived Multicellular Tumor Spheroid Models (MCTS)

Sojung Han, Ji Yeon Lim, Kyungjoo Cho, Hye Won Lee, Jun Yong Park, Simon Weonsang Ro, Kyung Sik Kim, Haeng Ran Seo, Do Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the expression levels of YAP and TAZ in patient-derived HCC tissue and identify the effects of YAP/TAZ inhibition depending on the baseline YAP/TAZ expression when combined with sorafenib using a patient-derived multicellular tumor spheroid (MCTS) model. Methods: Primary HCC cell lines were established from patient-derived tissue. Six patient-derived HCC cell lines were selected according to YAP/TAZ expression on Western blot: high, medium, low. Then, MCTS was generated by mixing patient-derived HCC cells and stroma cells (LX2, WI38, and HUVECs) and YAP/TAZ expression was assessed using Western blot. Cell viability of MCTS upon 48 h of drug treatment (sorafenib, sorafenib with CA3 0.1 µM, and CA3 (novel YAP1 inhibitor)) was analyzed. Results: Out of six patient-derived HCC cell lines, cell lines with high YAP/TAZ expression at the MCTS level responded more sensitively to the combination therapy (Sorafenib + CA3 0.1 µM) despite the potent cytotoxic effect of CA3 exhibited in all of the patient-derived HCCs. Conclusion: Targeting YAP/TAZ inhibition using the novel YAP1 inhibitor CA3 could be a promising therapeutic strategy to enhance sensitivity to sorafenib especially in HCCs with high YAP/TAZ expression in MCTS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2733
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was supported by the National Research foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (NRF-2017M3A9G7072864, NRF-2017M3A9G6068246).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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